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全球抗疫英雄谱——奋战在国际抗击新冠肺炎(COVID-19)一线的医护人员

时间:2020-06-04 17:01:46 来源:凯发体育官网app下载-凯发体育app 作者:宣传联络部

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爱尔兰首席医疗官托尼·霍洛汉(Tony Holohan)建议严格执行保持两米安全社交距离的防疫措施

 

托尼·霍洛汉博士Dr Tony Holohan)1991年毕业于都柏林大学。2008年被任命为首席医疗官。他为促进爱尔兰卫生政策的发展贡献了重要力量,是公认的公共卫生领域的领导者

日前,霍洛汉博士建议内阁部长,不应该在当前新冠肺炎疫情发展趋势下提出放宽“保持两米安全社交距离”防疫措施的建议,他担心这项建议会导致社区内病毒传播的风险骤增。

据悉,残疾人事务部部长芬尼安麦格拉斯Finian McGrath)询问了霍洛汉博士有关减少社交距离的问题,霍洛汉博士回答说现在还不是减少社交距离的最佳时机。

5月底,霍洛汉博士提出了保持两米安全社交距离防疫措施并非是国家公共卫生应急小组提供的一项规定,而是一项指南的说法。“它是一项指南,和其他指南一样,它需要公众先从个人层面解读,然后再从组织层面解读。

麦格拉斯也提出了有关残疾人和心理健康部门的问题。他在与霍洛汉参加内阁会议时,询问了有关疫苗和私立医院治疗患者能力的问题。

同样作为共和党领导人的迈克尔·马丁Micheál Martin也支持继续实施“保持两米安全社交距离”防疫措施。他认为,目前爱尔兰为抗击新冠肺炎实施的限制措施,限制了人们的外出范围,而放宽限制措施的决定正在被推迟。目前,人们能够在离家5千米的范围内进行户外活动,但是还没有“充分的理由”能够证明这一点。“大家所关心的事情是周围的人有什么举动,而不是他们能够在离家多远的范围内进行活动。”他认为,这项措施可能会导致市区内的居民面临更加拥挤的环境。

6月8日起,人们将能够在离家20千米的范围内进行活动。马丁表示他目前没有看到任何能够支撑这一措施的逻辑依据或是科学依据。

马丁表示,“总的来说,现在最重要事情就一旦大多数活动恢复,我们就应该把重点放在告诉人们有哪些注意事项上”他认为,6月5日之前不会做出任何放宽限制措施的决定。“实施‘保持两米安全社交距离’防疫措施是有帮助的,但是不能让它阻止爱尔兰恢复已经在其它地区重新开展的活动,否则会产生负面影响。他说。

 

 

 

 

 

Dr Tony Holohan says he will not recommend reducing 2m social distancing rule

 

Chief Medical Officer Tony Holohan has told Cabinet ministers he does not intend to advise that the 2m social distancing rule be reduced. 

After days of debate about reducing the restriction on physical distance, Mr Holohan told ministers it would not be appropriate for him to recommend cutting the 2m rule at this stage of the Covid-19 pandemic. 

Sources at the meeting said the Chief Medical Officer rejected suggestions that the distance should be cut as he feared it could lead to a higher risk of the virus spreading in communities. 

Disability Minister Finian McGrath is understood to have asked Mr Holohan about reducing the distance but was told now is not the time for reducing it. 

Earlier this week, Mr Holohan said the 2m social distancing restriction was not a rule but rather “guidance” offered by the National Public Health Emergency Team (Nphet). 

“It is guidance and like any guidance it has to be interpreted by people at an individual level and then by organisations,” he added. 

Mr McGrath also raised issues related to the disability and mental health sectors. 

The minister also asked about the possibility of reducing the 5km non-essential travel restriction to 20km, according to sources. 

During the Cabinet meeting with Mr Holohan, ministers also asked questions about vaccines and the capacity of private hospitals to treat patients. 

It comes as Fianna Fáil leader Micheál Martin criticised coronavirus limits on how far people can travel from their home. 

And he said decisions on easing restrictions are being delayed rather than taken as soon as they're justified. 

At present there's a 5km limit on how far people are allowed to travel for exercise. 

Mr Martin said that there's no remaining "serious justification" for this. 

He said: "the public health concern is how people behave around others – not how far they are from their home." 

And he said research shows it may be forcing people in urban areas into more crowded situations. 

Travel is to be allowed up to 20km from an individuals home in phase two of the government's roadmap due to begin on June 8. 

Mr Martin said he doesn't see any logic or scientific basis for this either. 

He also said that the current distinctions over the different types of shops allowed to open is "at best arbitrary". 

He said supermarkets have been open throughout the pandemic and data on community spread suggest they have not played a role in spreading the virus. 

Mr Martin said: "In general, the overriding need now is to move to a situation where the focus is put on showing people how to behave once most activity is restored. " 

He said that the decision on the next easing of restrictions is due on June 5. 

"Most people have concluded that, as was the case when the loosening steps were first published, announcements are being delayed rather than made as soon as they are justified." 

Mr Martin warned that the restrictions will lose public support if they are no longer seen as actually being based on clear scientific evidence. 

On the two-metre social distancing rule Mr Martin said it is not required by the science. 

"It has been helpful but it cannot be allowed to block Ireland restarting activity which is already underway elsewhere without a negative impact," he said. 

Mr Martin added: "If it is true that our capacity to rapidly test, trace and isolate is now in place, then we need to see this reflected in the loosening of policies put in place in part because we lacked this capacity."

 

来源:Independent.ie, UCD Alumni Awards

 

 

 

温馨说明:本栏目中文内容由我会根据来源处内容整理并翻译。

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